It represents the southeastern facade of the Sultanate of Oman, and it overlooks the Arabian Sea from the east, and is connected to the Sharqiya Sands from the south and the Al Wusta Governorate from the west. Northeast from the north side.
Al Sharqiyah South Governorate includes five wilayats, which are Sur, Al Kamil, Al Wafi, Jalan Bani Bu Hasan, Jalan Bani Bu Ali, and Masirah. The center of the governorate is Sur.
castles and forts
Oman is distinguished by its abundance of castles and forts. The Governorate of South A’Sharqiyah is a wonderful destination to visit, and there are many wonderful places in it. It also includes historical forts such as Al-Sunaisla Fort, Ras Al-Hadd Fort, and the Ja’alan Bani Bu Hassan Fort and Fort.
Al-Sunaisla Fort stands tall on a rounded hill overlooking the village of Al-Sunaisla. It is said that the history of this dominant fort, which is designed in an original square style with its round towers that stand on its four corners, dates back to more than 300 years.
Ras Al Hadd Fort
Ras Al Hadd Fort: This fort controls a small sandy coastal land that forms the far eastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, which is considered as a settlement site and a land settlement for ancient sailors early in history, and represents a center of activity and interest for archaeologists as it is an important site for nesting thousands of sea turtles, and includes two towers, marams and openings for protection and observation, and it has a number of facilities, including an ammunition store and a water well.
Jaalan Bani Bu Hassan Fort
Jaalan Bani Bu Hassan Fort was built as part of a fortification system that previously included a large city wall.
The archaeological sites in Al Sharqiyah South Governorate are among the things that characterize the governorate and its cities, and among these archaeological sites is the city of Qalhat.
This city (Qalhat) witnessed in the past an ancient Omani civilization, being the first capital of Oman before Islam, and in the thirteenth century it was the main commercial port linking the interior and exterior, and this city is considered a witness to a great, ancient civilization. Scattered stones extend for tens of kilometers.
The Sultanate’s efforts represented by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture and the Sultanate’s Permanent Delegation to UNESCO culminated in including the ancient site of “Qalhat” on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
There are many tourist sites in the Al Sharqiyah South Governorate in the Sultanate, such as Masirah Island, Ras Al Hadd Beach, Turtle Reserve, Al Sulayyil Nature Reserve, and many other tourist places.
Masirah Island It is an island located in the southeast of Oman, and administratively belongs to the Governorate of South A’Sharqiyah. There are several other islands around it, the most important of which are: Marsas, Sha’anzi and Kalban.
Masirah Island is the largest island in Oman and represents a prominent landmark in the middle of the sea, so it looks to the beholder like a jewel in the blue waters, and the visitor is amazed by the beauty The picturesque nature, which is represented in the diversity of environments in it, so there is the marine environment, which constitutes the vast majority of it, as well as the plain environment suitable for cultivation, so you see virgin land in which herbs grow during rainy times, and the mountainous environment has a site on that island where a number of mountains spread on top of Halaf, Rasya, Al-Aijah and other places Others., And its weather is moderate throughout the year.
The visitor to Masirah feels the harmony of nature, the calmness of the waves in most cases, and the cool, breezy breezes that bring comfort to the soul as a result of inhaling the natural air, and its beaches provide an unparalleled opportunity to see groups of rare sea turtles laying their eggs.
The island is reached by the large ferries that are locally called (Al-Yasura), which is a large tanker carrying cars, goods and people to and from the island, and the island can also be reached by air.
Ras Al Hadd Beach
Ras Al Hadd Beach It is about 60 km away from Tire, the capital of Al Sharqiyah South Governorate. On this beach, a green turtle reserve has been announced, which resort to it, especially to Ras Al Jinz Beach of the Ras Al Hadd Prosecution, annually for nesting in numbers estimated at between 6,000 and 13,000 turtles.
Turtles safe park
The beaches extending from Ras Al Hadd to Masirah Island in the Governorate of South A’Sharqiyah are considered a turtle reserve, including the green turtle (Chelonia Mydas), which is one of the rare turtles nesting in the Sultanate. It comes to the Sultanate from other distant regions such as the Arabian Gulf, the Red Sea and the beaches of Africa every year to lay its eggs. On the shores where I saw the light of dawn for the first time decades ago. Turtles from the Ras Al-Jinz area take a quiet haven in which to lay their eggs, and it has been protected to ensure the continuation and survival of this type of extinction.
Al Saleel Natural Reserve
Al Seleel Nature Reserve: It is located in the Wilayat of Al-Kamil and Al-Wafi in the Governorate of South A’Sharqiyah, with an area of 220 km2.
It includes Al-Samar forests in most of its parts, and contains many rare species such as the Arabian gazelle and the Omani wild cat Al-Sinmar, and other animals that have taken this environment as their home, such as the red fox, the Egyptian eagle and others.